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See Article History Area 51, secret U.S. Air Force military installation located at Groom Lake in southern Nevada. It is administered by Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. The installation has been the focus of numerous conspiracies involving extraterrestrial life, though its only confirmed use is as a flight testing facility.Why was Area 51 called the Paradise Ranch?
The CIA asked the AEC to acquire the land, designated "Area 51" on the map, and to add it to the Nevada Test Site. Johnson named the area "Paradise Ranch" to encourage workers to move to "the new facility in the middle of nowhere", as the CIA later described it, and the name became shortened to "the Ranch".How did Area 51 in Groom Lake get its name?
Groom Lake had received the name "Area 51" when A-12 test facility construction began in September 1960, including a new 8,500 ft (2,600 m) runway to replace the existing runway. Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company (REECo) began construction of "Project 51" on 1 October 1960 with double-shift construction schedules.Why was Area 51 chosen for the Atomic Energy Commission?
It is believed to be from an Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) numbering grid, although Area 51 is not part of this system; it is adjacent to Area 15. Another explanation is that 51 was used because it was unlikely that the AEC would use the number.