Keyword Analysis & Research: crossing over vs independent assortment

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What is the difference between segregation and independent assortment?

• Segregation is a separation process while independent assortment is a bonding process. • Both processes contribute for an increased biodiversity, but segregation lays the platform for genetic diversity, whereas independent assortment takes place as the first physical step to occur the genetic diversity.

What happens during independent assortment?

The Law of Independent Assortment speaks of alleles of a gene separating independently from alleles of another gene. Hence, the inheritance pattern of one trait will not affect the inheritance pattern of another. For instance, the gene for the eye color is inherited independently from the gene for hair color.

How does independent assortment lead to variation?

Genetic variation results from independent assortment because it results in the shuffling of chromosomes into various gametes. Crossing over occurs when homologous chromosomes exchange genetic information. Thus, chromosomes are formed that contain genes from both parents.


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