Ratio decidendi (plural rationes decidendi) is a Latin phrase meaning “the reason for the decision.”. Ratio decidendi refers to the legal, moral, political and social principles on which a court’s decision rests. It is the rationale for reaching the decision of a case.Is the rule of law the ratio decidendi of cases?
The rule of law on which a judicial decision is based. ‘Courts are bound by principles of law, the ratio decidendi of cases.’ ‘The former are described as being the ratio decidendi (reasons for the decision).’What's the difference between a ratio and a decision?
Ratio is a ruling on a point of law and the decision on a point of law depends on facts of a case. Culling out ratio from a judgment is difficult. A thorough reading of an entire judgment is required to identify a ratio. Ration decidendi can be determined or identified in the following ways:What's the difference between obiter dicta and ratio decidendi?
The main difference between ratio and obiter dicta is the information under scrutiny. For example, ratio decidendi refers to the facts of the case, those things that no one can debate. Obiter dicta, on the other hand, is everything in between. Obiter dicta translates to “by the way,” and refers to information that a person says, “in passing.”.