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The disease model of addictions. The disease model holds that addiction is an illness, and comes about as a result of the impairment of healthy neurochemical or behavioral processes. While there is some dispute among clinicians as to the reliability of this model, it is widely employed in therapeutic settings.What are the models and theories of addiction?
The most common theories of addiction include the reciprocal gene-environment model, the conditioning model, and social-learning theories. The most successful theories of addiction will evaluate the function of pharmacology, experience, culture, situations, and personality in addiction.How and why addiction is not a disease?
Addiction is a disorder, not a disease, because it is a host of symptoms that are different for everyone. For instance, a disease has to be measurable and testable. You can take someone’s temperature and know that they have a fever, but you cannot “test” for addiction as it is a set of behaviors that trigger a set of symptoms.