Infective endocarditis (IE) carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Rapid diagnosis, effective treatment, and prompt recognition of complications are essential to good patient outcome.How is the diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis made?
The diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis is based on the presence of symptoms, the results of a physical examination and the results of diagnostic tests: Symptoms of infection (see list above), particularly a fever over 100°F (38.4°C) Blood cultures show bacteria or microorganisms commonly found with endocarditis.Is there a cure for infective endocarditis in adults?
Infective endocarditis in adults: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and management of complications: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015;132:1435–1486.How does infective endocarditis spread outside the heart?
Infective endocarditis causes growths (vegetations) on the valves, produces toxins and enzymes which kill and break down the tissue to cause holes on the valve, and spreads outside the heart and the blood vessels. The resulting complications are embolism of material from the vegetations, leaky valve,...