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In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, rationalism is defined as a methodology or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive ".Does rationality imply morality?
This belief, rationality = good, requires that if one is ever rational, one will arrive at the good. Breaking that down, it implies that there are certain fixed, true premises on morality, which, upon rational analysis, will lead everyone to the good - the same good. What are these premises or moral truths?What are some examples of rationalism?
Rationalism: Immanuel Kant, Plato, Rene Descartes, and Aristotle are some examples of prominent rationalists. Empiricism: John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and George Berkeley are some examples of prominent empiricists. Image Courtesy:What is rationalistic moral philosophy?
Moral rationalism, also called ethical rationalism, is a view in meta-ethics (specifically the epistemology of ethics) according to which moral principles are knowable a priori, by reason alone. Some prominent figures in the history of philosophy who have defended moral rationalism are Plato and Immanuel Kant.