Keyword Analysis & Research: introduction to eia

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What do you need to know about the EIA process?

EIA is essentially a process of evaluating the impact of a project, say mining, building an irrigation dam, a thermal power plant, etc. on human health, safety, environment along with socioeconomic and cultural impacts, prior to the decision-making. D) All the above statements are correct.

When did Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) come into force?

EIA is widely accepted as a tool to ensure sustained development with minimum environmental degradation. The first comprehensive environmental legislation (Section 102) in United States came into force on 1st January 1970 in the form of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

When did the World Bank start using EIA?

Worldwide, EIA is now practised in more than 100 countries. By the mid-1990s, some 110 countries applied EIA as a major environmental policy. In 1989, EIA was adopted as the major development project by the World Bank. Check the image below to have an idea of major developments around Environmental Impact Assessment in history:

What are the three categories of EIA 2006?

The EIA 2006 divides the projects into three categories. Category A projects are appraised at the national level by Impact Assessment Agency and the Expert Appraisal Committee, while Category B projects are appraised at the state level.


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