Keyword Analysis & Research: what is crossing over independent assortment

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What is the principle of independent assortment?

The Principle of Independent Assortment describes how different genes independently separate from one another when reproductive cells develop. Independent assortment of genes and their corresponding traits was first observed by Gregor Mendel in 1865 during his studies of genetics in pea plants.

How does independent assortment lead to variation?

Genetic variation results from independent assortment because it results in the shuffling of chromosomes into various gametes. Crossing over occurs when homologous chromosomes exchange genetic information. Thus, chromosomes are formed that contain genes from both parents.

When does independent assortment occur?

When Does Independent Assortment Occur? Independent assortment occurs during the process of meiosis. Meiosis is similar to mitosis, only the final product is gamete cells.


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